Laser printers have fairly simple printing systems that generally use either one or four toner cartridges. If it is just one, that means it is a monochrome printer and requires only black toner. If there are four laser printer cartridges, each will hold one of the four standard colors- cyan, magenta, yellow and black. Unfortunately laser printers are very limited in what they can print on, oh and you’d better be prepared for the high price for color laser toner cartridges as it may put you into shock. As a result, more and more businesses owners have moved over to Inkjet printers.
Inkjet printers come in many flavors when it comes to # of colors and # of cartridges. Since inkjet printers are most often used for photo printing and for printing on a multitude of substrate types (i.e. plain paper, photo papers & specialty which includes labels, films, iron-on transfer, etc.), manufacturers utilize even more colors to produce a wider color gamut. Until you open up the hood, you may not know how many cartridges it has or what the exact color makeup is inside.
Ink Cartridges. Over the years, the standard inkjet printer system that required only two cartridges has expanded up to eight cartridges for some consumer inkjet printer models. Typically the fewer the cartridges, the less precise the quality and color range. All newer inkjet printer models are capable of producing solid text and clear graphics; most support photo and wireless printing.
This is the original system used in consumer inkjet printers and is still found with low-end HP and Canon product offerings that continue to be sold today, but often spruced up a bit with web enabled features, etc. One cartridge will hold the black ink and the other consists of yellow, magenta and cyan ink. For inkjet printer models geared toward photos, optional cartridges were available that held other colors, typically light cyan and light magenta or gray ink. The reason for these extra cartridges that can be installed in lieu of the primary cartridges is to create more accurate photos. Cost of ownership is low if only used for low printing volumes (i.e. 1-15 pages per week, maximum). Ink maintenance routines are extremely light on these models as compared to 4 thru 8 ink cartridge equipped printers which perform much more aggressive ‘nozzle/head cleaning’ routines – this significantly helps reduce ink costs due to maintenance. Printer power may be turned off each day without any significant impact to ink cost.
Just like color laser printers, some inkjet printers have four inkjet cartridges that hold cyan, magenta, yellow and black ink. The benefit of this system is that each color can be replaced separately as it runs out, unlike the two-cartridge system. These cartridges are often larger as well, so they don’t need to be replaced as often. Cost of ownership is generally low if used for frequent printing (small print jobs 3-5 times a week; ~15-25 pages minimum to see a benefit over 2 ink cartridge models). This also assumes that printer power is left ON (very important for most HP & Canon consumer inkjet printers).
Multiple cartridges (Five or Six Cartridges)
Machines that use five or six cartridges are generally designed specifically for photo printing. Along with the four standard colors, which are often referred to simply as CMYK, either light or photo cyan and magenta cartridges may be needed. The extra hues help to saturate the areas of a print that would require half-toning, which basically means using less Cyan or Magenta ink to create lighter colors. The reason Yellow doesn’t come in “light” form is because our eyes cannot recognize flaws in the color yellow like we can cyan and magenta. However, more and more printer models now offer 5 cartridges, with the 5th cartridge being photo black. Photo Black (BK) is used for improving the look of photographic prints, or not exactly 100% black-based plain paper documents. The photo black also helps smooth out transitions (i.e. gradients) in both photos and black and white-based documents.
Cost of ownership is generally low if used for frequent printing (small print jobs 3-5 times a week; ~25-50 pages minimum to see a benefit over 2 ink cartridge models). This also assumes that printer power is left ON (very important for most HP & Canon consumer inkjet printers).
NOTE: For comparison purposes, a typical 4×6″ color photo uses roughly 3 times more ink than a standard plain paper page (@22% ISO 24712 color density).
Eight (or more) Cartridges
The only people likely to really NEED an inkjet printer that uses eight or more cartridges are professional photographers or designers. These machines are slightly more expensive, as is the maintenance for them. The Canon i9900, for instance, has eight cartridges: CMYK, Photo cyan, Photo magenta, Red and Green. The two new colors printers like this introduce, red and green, expand the color gamut immensely, creating flawless images that are extremely true-to-life, but the cost of replacing so many cartridges is often prohibitive for the average person.
Inkjet printers are known for the quality of photos and images they deliver, and the different levels of quality that can be achieved are partially based on the colors available in the cartridge system. The basic two or four-cartridge systems should be sufficient for most people, but photographers or photo enthusiasts may want to consider the larger cartridge systems with more colors. Those who are considering the upgrade should first factor in the extra ink costs, however, to determine if it is really worth it. Cost of ownership is considered medium if used for average photo print jobs (i.e. 5-10 photos A3/A4 size prints/week…..for higher volume runs it is recommended to send out to a commercial print service). See below. It is suggested to leave printer power ON to help reduce ink maintenance and servicing routines which consume ink during each power cycle.
Cost of Printing Considerations
Have you ever calculated the total cost of printing for your business, home business and/or for personal use? Did you buy the cheapest printer in the store? Should you get inkjet or laser?
Here’s a scary statistic. If you work a 50 hour week, between half an hour and 90 minutes of the time you spend earning money goes on covering the cost of business-related printing materials. That’s between 1% and 3% of your revenue according to research conducted by large printer manufacturers.
One of the first questions you’ll need to answer when buying a new printer is laser vs inkjet.
In the past, the answer was easy. Lasers for black and white and inkjets for color. When color laser printers hit the market they were very expensive but they’re now affordable (i.e. start at $280 USD). And so the gap between the two technologies has narrowed, however be prepared….the high price for color laser toner cartridges can be very hard to swallow and will surely put a dent into your wallet. More and more businesses owners have moved over to Inkjet printers as a result (i.e. HP Officejet, Officejet Pro & Epson Workforce series printer models).
However, while the up-front cost can be an immediately painful wound to your bank balance it’s the slow bleed that most small business don’t monitor or manage that really causes the pain. How do you consider this when buying your new printer?
- Measure how much you print per month
You can do this by either counting the reams or pages of paper manually or using some print management software.
- Don’t just look at the printer cost, check the consumables
Grab the replacement cartridges for the printers you’re considering and pay close attention. Most will be rated for a certain number of pages. If a replacement cartridge costs $50 but can print 1,000 pages it’s better value than a $25 cartridge that’s rated for 400 pages.
- Paper is not the big cost
Sure, be frugal and shop around for your paper, but ink consumables almost always cost more than paper. Typical consumables cost breakdown: ~15% for paper on average (i.e. 2% for plain paper vs. 20% for specialty photo papers, depending on your requirements) and ~85% for ink cartridges & maintenance.
Ink Cartridge Refill Services – A better way to print
Many customers are taking advantage of the cost savings – up to 70% versus buying new cartridges. Your cartridges can be filled at a retail location near you – the process takes minutes. Print cartridges can deliver excellent quality long after they first run out of ink; just bring your empty ink cartridges into any of our authorized refill center locations.
Customers can achieve multiple refills on a well-maintained integrated cartridge before deciding to replace it with a new one. Most tank-based cartridges (i.e. those found in 4, 5 and 6 ink cartridge equipped printer models) can be typically refilled up to 10 times until it leaks or exhibits damage. Our network of retailers stand behind the product and performance – guaranteed.
If you are looking for a ‘Refill Friendly’ printer model, refer to our suggestion list…
Krazy Coupon Lady on Costco’s Ink Refill Service: